Is there a link between obesity indicators and cardiovascular disease risk factors in children 4 years of age?
From: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
- Corvalán, C., Uauy, R., Kain, J., Martorell, R., 2010. Obesity indicators and cardiometabolic status in 4-y-old children. Am J Clin Nutr 91, 166–174.
- 324 children 4 years of age.
- The investigators collected body measurements and calculated general indicators of obesity (weight, body mass index, sum of 4 skinfold thicknesses, percentage fat, and body fat index) and central obesity (waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, and truncal fatness based on skinfold thickness).
- The investigators measured blood sample concentrations of C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, triglycerides, and total, 'bad' LDL, and 'good' HDL cholesterol.
- Obesity and central obesity were common, and most of the children had at least one cardiometabolic risk factor, particularly lipid disorders.
- Obesity and central obesity indicators were highly linked and, overall, were weakly related to cardiometabolic status.
- At this age, body mass index and waist circumference were poor predictors of cardiometabolic status.
- No (without confidence)
- These results indicate that changes in diet and physical activity are the preferred approaches to lowering values for cardiometabolic risk factors, including obesity