Does gestational diabetes increase the risk of obesity in childhood?
From: Diabetes Care
- Hillier, T.A., Pedula, K.L., Schmidt, M.M., Mullen, J.A., Charles, M.-A., Pettitt, D.J., 2007. Childhood Obesity and Metabolic Imprinting The ongoing effects of maternal hyperglycemia. Dia Care 30, 2287–2292.
- 9,439 mother and child pairs.
- Gestational diabetes was diagnosed/treated using a 3-hourly 100-g oral glucose tolerance test.
- Measured weight in offspring was taken 5–7 years later to calculate sex-specific weight-for-age percentiles.
- Childhood obesity at age 5–7 years increased across the range of increasing maternal glucose values.
- Increasing hyperglycemia in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of childhood obesity.
- The results suggest that this risk is modifiable by treating gestational diabetes, as obesity risk was weakened after treatment in the gestational diabetes group.
- Yes (with confidence)