Does gestational diabetes identify women at risk of permanent type 1 and type 2 diabetes?
From: Diabetes Care
- Järvelä, I.Y., Juutinen, J., Koskela, P., Hartikainen, A.-L., Kulmala, P., Knip, M., Tapanainen, J.S., 2006. Gestational Diabetes Identifies Women at Risk for Permanent Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes in Fertile Age Predictive role of autoantibodies. Dia Care 29, 607–612.
- 435 women with gestational diabetes and healthy controls.
Patients were followed-up after approx 6 years.
- Among the subjects with gestational diabetes, 20 (4.6%) developed type 1 diabetes and 23 (5.3%) developed type 2 diabetes, whereas none of the control subjects became diabetic.
- The study findings conclude that initial age of equal/less than 30 years, the need for insulin treatment for gestational diabetes, and antibody positivity for islet cell antibodies and GAD antibodies were associated with increased risk for clinical type 1 diabetes.
- Yes (without confidence)