Does exercise reduce the risk of fracture, coronary heart disease risk, and health care costs in elderly women?
From: Archives of Internal Medicine
- Kemmler, W., von Stengel, S., Engelke, K., Häberle, L., Kalender, W.A., 2010. Exercise effects on bone mineral density, falls, coronary risk factors, and health care costs in older women: the randomized controlled senior fitness and prevention (SEFIP) study. Arch. Intern. Med. 170, 179–185.
- 246 women 65 years or older
- The exercise group performed a multipurpose exercise program over 18 months with special emphasis on exercise intensity
- The controls focused on well-being with a low-intensity, low-frequency program.
- The 18-month exercise program significantly improved bone mineral density and fall risk, but not predicted coronary heart disease risk, in elderly women.
- The benefits occurred at no increase in direct costs.
- Yes (with confidence) – for bone mineral density and fall risk.
- The weekly exercise program consisted of two 60-minute supervised group classes and two 20-minute home training sessions