Does exercise assist balance in older people?
From: The Cochrane Collaboration
- Howe, T.E., Rochester, L., Neil, F., Skelton, D.A., Ballinger, C., 1996. Exercise for improving balance in older people, in: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
- 94 studies with 9,821 participants.
- The paper is a systematic review / meta analysis of all relevant trials.
- This means that the data from all similar trials have been grouped to form an overall outcome.
- There is no or insufficient evidence for general physical activity (walking or cycling) and exercise involving computerised balance programmes or vibration plates on balance.
- There is weak evidence for some types of exercise (gait, balance, co-ordination and functional tasks; strengthening exercise; 3D exercise and multiple exercise types) in improving balance.
- In general, effective programmes ran three times a week for three months and involved dynamic exercise in standing.
- Few adverse events were reported.