Does eliminating specific risk factors reduce the likelihood of dementia?
- Ritchie, K., Carriere, I., Ritchie, C.W., Berr, C., Artero, S., Ancelin, M.-L., 2010. Designing prevention programmes to reduce incidence of dementia: prospective cohort study of modifiable risk factors. BMJ 341, c3885–c3885.
- 1,433 people aged over 65.
A neurologist examined all participants at commencement and at two, four, and seven year follow-up by using a standardised interview involving cognitive testing to identify both dementia and mild cognitive impairment.
Increasing intelligence, fruit and vegetable consumption, and eliminating depression and diabetes are likely to have the biggest impact on reducing the incidence of dementia.
- Yes (with confidence) – see results for details
The researchers predicted increases in dementia of 100% in developed countries between 2001 and 2020, and of 300% in China, India, and neighbouring south Asian and western Pacific countries.