Does a low carbohydrate diet increase the risk of coronary heart disease in women?

From: NEJM

Journal rating:
rating: 100%
Study Quality:
rating: 25%
%

Overall Reliability

Article Quality:
rating: 35%
Partcipants
rating: 75%

Participants/situation

  • 82,802 women

Study

  • Data from a questionnaire was used to calculate a low-carbohydrate-diet score, which was based on the percentage of energy as carbohydrate, fat, and protein.

Results

  • During 20 years of follow-up, the authors documented 1,994 new cases of coronary heart disease.
  • A low-carbohydrate diet was not associated with a risk of coronary heart disease.
  • When vegetable sources of fat and protein were chosen, the low-carbohydrate-diet score was associated with a moderately lower risk of coronary heart disease than when animal sources were chosen.
  • A higher glycemic load was strongly associated with an increased risk of coronary heart disease 

Answer

  • No (with confidence)

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Keywords