Does a high-protein diet with resistance exercise improve weight loss and lean body mass in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes?
From: Diabetes Care
- Wycherley, T.P., Noakes, M., Clifton, P.M., Cleanthous, X., Keogh, J.B., Brinkworth, G.D., 2010. A High-Protein Diet With Resistance Exercise Training Improves Weight Loss and Body Composition in Overweight and Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes. Dia Care 33, 969–976.
- 83 men and women with type 2 diabetes
- Participants were assigned to an isocaloric, energy-restricted diet of either standard carbohydrate or high protein, with or without supervised resistance exercise training (3 days/week) for 16 weeks.
- There was a significant reduction for body weight, fat mass, and waist circumference with the greatest reductions occurring in high-protein plus resistance exercise group.
- There was an overall reduction in fat-free mass, blood pressure, glucose, insulin, triglycerides, total cholesterol, and 'bad' LDL cholesterol, with no difference between groups.
- Yes (with confidence)
- Studies have shown greater improvements in body composition in obese women following a 14-week resistance training program when carbohydrate was substituted with protein.