Are first-time mothers who smoke during pregnancy at an increased risk of gestational diabetes?

From: American Journal of Epidemiology

Journal rating:
rating: 98%
Study Quality:
rating: 55%
%

Overall Reliability

Article Quality:
rating: 75%
Partcipants
rating: 50%

Participants/situation

  • 3,774 women

Study

  • Plasma glucose concentration 1 hour after a 50-g oral glucose challenge and complete information on pregnancy outcome was obtained.

Results

  • Average 1-hour plasma glucose concentration (mg/dl) was elevated in women who smoked at study enrolment compared with women who had never smoked.
  • Women who smoked 10 or more cigarettes per day have a greater risk of gestational diabetes mellitus than women who smoked less.
  • These findings support an association between smoking and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Answer

  • Yes (with confidence)

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Editors Notes

  • Gestational diabetes mellitus, or glucose intolerance first detected during pregnancy, affects 3–5 percent of pregnancies

Keywords